Global Efforts to Eradicate HIV

Category: Facts On HIV

Development Of Aids From HIV




Nowadays, a lot of people who are HIV positive have a longer lifespan compared to the past. Fortunately, having HIV does not mean you are going to die immediately. Many things can still be done so that the HIV-positive individual can live healthy and happy for years. But first, it is important that he remains positive and hopeful. It would be helpful if support from family and significant others is available to help him cope with his anxiety, stress, and emotional needs.

An individual who finds out that he is HIV positive will initially feel angry, guilty, shocked, and scared. These are normal emotions, but they should not persist for a long time. The individual must be able to overcome these emotions and learn to strengthen himself so he can face his daily challenges.

For the HIV-positive individual and his family members, it is important that they know the progression of HIV from infection to being sick with AIDS and eventually will lead to death. There are six stages that compose this process.


Primary HIV Infection

Also known as Acute primary infection, this stage begins with the person being infected with HIV until the immune system works hard to produce antibodies to help combat the virus in the body, which usually occurs between four and eight weeks. It can also last up to 12 weeks. During this window period, the individual is very contagious. The virus is replicating fast, but the damage is not visible on the outside. For some, they may manifest with flu-like symptoms, which include:

  • Fever, sore throat, and headache
  • Swollen lymph nodes on the inguinal and neck areas
  • Muscle and joint pain sometimes accompanied by rashes in the skin

These symptoms appear quickly and are frequently mistaken as just the simple flu or cold.


The Silent Stage

The affected individual experiences perfect health, as if he doesn’t have an illness. It is often called the silent stage since during this time the person doesn’t show to be active. However, on the inside, it is continually attacking the immune system.


Minor Stage

During this phase, there are minimal complications that are starting to show because the targeted immune system is slowly weakened. The lymph nodes may not be swollen initially, but at this stage, it will be visible and will persist to be swollen for quite some time, about three months or more. Signs and symptoms that may appear at this phase include:

  • Persistent fever and cold sweats
  • Decreased energy and appetite, which leads to weight loss
  • Vaginal and mouth thrush infections
  • Repeated throat infections and mouth ulcers




Symptomatic Stage

Five to eight years from the onset of the infection, the immune system is markedly damaged, and it finds defending the body more difficult to do. At the same time, the virus is continuously increasing and spreading throughout the body. The symptoms seen at this stage have already become severe. These include:

  • Continuous fever, cold sores, and blisters
  • Repeated vaginal and oral thrush (Candida albicans)
  • Chronic bacterial infections and skin rashes
  • Obvious weight loss
  • Swollen lymph nodes


Full Blown AIDS

It is at this stage where anything infectious can practically attack the individual’s body. These infections practically infest the body and take advantage of the already weak immune system. Signs and symptoms include:

  • Skin rashes
  • Unexplained chest pains and coughing due to pneumonia and tuberculosis
  • Rapid weight loss, weakness, and fatigue
  • Chronic diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting
  • Severe headaches and convulsions due to brain infections
  • Reduced ability to focus
  • Significant memory loss
  • Swollen lymph nodes, spleen, and liver
  • Blindness


AIDS is the progressive stage of HIV infection. It is usually declared as AIDS when an individual’s CD4 cells fall below 200. Additionally, one is also diagnosed with AIDS if he has a defining illness, such as pneumonia or lung disease and Kaposi’s sarcoma and other skin cancers.


Terminal Stage

Within a window of six months to three years from the development of full-blown AIDS, death typically occurs. Individuals who are living with AIDS undergo periods of being very ill, alternating with periods of being healthy. It would be uncommon to hear about someone ‘dying of AIDS.’ Technically, that is not true. A majority of these individuals suffer from different diseases caused by the proliferation of opportunistic infections, which ultimately lead to the individual’s death.




People who know they have AIDS but still don’t take medications mostly only last about three years or less, particularly if they acquired a deadly infection. However, if one is hopeful and is consistently taking his medications and is living a healthy life, he can very possibly live a long, long time.





The Three Stages Of HIV Infection


Once you have been infected with HIV, it is imperative that you receive treatment. The medication used for HIV is called the antiretroviral therapy or ART. It helps in slowing down or preventing the progression of the infection from stage one to two to three, given of course that it is taken properly. It also helps in reducing the risk of spreading the virus.

Continue reading “The Three Stages Of HIV Infection”

Things To Remember About Dating If You’re HIV Positive


Trying to find someone who can be the love of your life, the center of your universe, is not easy for everyone. It is rare to meet that person the first time you go on a date. Typically, many prospects are available, but you need to weed through them all to realize which ones have real intentions to know you and be with you and not merely try to get in your pants. According to Francisco Sastre, PhD and co-authors, “HIV diagnosis does not necessarily deter men from having an active sexual life, marrying, or having children.” In fact, for some of the men, engaging in these social and life-changing events is part of moving on and normalizing life with HIV

The challenge of dating tends to increase by a hundredfold, however, if you are carrying human immunodeficiency virus. Considering it is a viral infection that may react well with medication when diagnosed in its early stages, people should not be afraid of going out with you. Unfortunately, no matter how welcoming the world seems for folks living with HIV, the stigma that the disease came with remains intact in the heart and mind of many.



If you genuinely want to end your singlehood and find the one for you, you should remember these things:


  1. Don’t Expect Anything On The First Date

The primary aspect to evoke in your system is that you should not hold your hopes too high the first time you talk to a prospective life partner. You may have only spoken about each other’s likes and dislikes, for instance, yet in your brain, you may already be imagining the two of you growing old together and watching your grandkids play. To avoid getting hurt, take control of your emotions and let the events unfold without expectations.

  1. Not Everyone Will Understand, And That’s Okay

Another fact that you ought to not forget is that the number of non-judgmental fellows is growing, but the folks who may frown upon your condition or try to make you feel ashamed of wanting to date despite your situation are still out there too. You can consider yourself lucky if you can meet the former; regardless if you end up together or not, you won’t feel discriminated. Nonetheless, even when you come across the latter type, you should not let whatever they might say affect your mental state because they are undoubtedly speaking with a lack of knowledge about your condition. It is better to move on from that and look for someone else.


  1. Meet Someone Once You’ve Accepted Your Diagnosis

You should also understand your dating experience can become affected by the way you perceive your case. For example, if you go on a date while hating the reality that you are HIV positive, that emotion may roll off to the person you’ll meet and cause him or her to hate it too. This circumstance can then devastate you, to the point that you believe that no one will appreciate you due to the infection.

“If you diligently take your medicine and keep your viral load to below detectable levels, you will not be dangerous to your partner. We now have the scientific data to say you may be “infected” but you are not ‘infectious’,”Anthony S. Fauci, M.D reminds.

However, if you go out with someone when you are already at peace with your condition, chances are, you can care less if he or she rejects you. You know yourself; you are aware of what you can and cannot do because of the human immunodeficiency virus. Assuming those folks refuse to accept you, flaws and all, that is no longer your problem.

You Are Worthy Of Affection

The truth that people who are HIV positive should keep in mind is that rejection is not only common for individuals who have the infection. Even the healthiest folks on the planet tend to fail at meeting someone who wants to take them for who they are as well. That is part of the selection process, and you should be thankful to get away early from men or women who might not support you in dire situations. If you or your partner have HIV, you have to plan for education, a family, a career, and retirement,” Brad Hare, MD says, “just like everybody else.” So, don’t ever think that you are less worthy of affection than anyone.

What Causes Depression Among People With AIDS?

It is unimaginable for most people how mentally challenging it is to accept that you have acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). “Clinical depression is the most commonly observed mental health disorder among those diagnosed with HIV, affecting 22% of the population,” Arnold Lieber, MD said. One source (who shall not be named) divulged that he thought that once the medication for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was completed, there would be no chance for the illness to develop into AIDS. When the man’s fear came to reality, he felt so helpless and hopeless in the next months that going out in public or meeting friends became impossible for him.



“In individuals living with HIV, depression may worsen existing disease states and lead to poorer health outcomes,” Bach Xuan Tran, Ph. D. and collaborators wrote. The thing is, reactions like the one above is no longer rare. AIDS is incurable like cancer, diabetes, and other diseases, and that is disheartening enough. What makes patients with this illness spiral faster down the depression lane than anyone, though, are the harsh facts that:

  1. Some Acquired It Through Violence

Getting raped is already a traumatizing experience that the victim might have to deal with forever. If the sexual abuse further results to him or her becoming infected with a sexually transmitted disease, the emotional and mental stress that the person carries can cause him or her to question many things in life. If nobody lends a hand or gives this individual an idea to receive counseling, he or she may feel as if there is no longer hope for him or her to live normally.


  1. People Think They Should Isolate Themselves

Even though AIDS is an illness that gets transferred to someone through vaginal or anal intercourse, some patients tend to feel shame and assume that their loved ones are better off without seeing them in person. They never go out unless their food supplies run out; they prefer to speak with others via phone instead of in person, in fear of transmitting the disease accidentally. However, the more isolated you allow yourself to be in this situation, the more the negative ideas will run in your head until a mental disorder takes over.

In this case, it may be best to seek help from online counseling apps like BetterHelp. Doing so would allow them to connect with a trained professional who can help them untangle these negative thoughts.

  1. A Few Drugs Have Depression As A Side Effect

The reality is that there may be victims of AIDS who had developed depression even when they only had HIV. Several studies show, after all, that there is a particular drug known as Efavirenz that has this psychological illness as one of its side effects. Doctors typically prescribe it along with other HIV medications. Hence, if the depressive thoughts are already in place before the AIDS diagnosis, the symptoms of depression are more likely to progress than not in the worst way possible.

  1. Their Life May Never Be Normal Afterward

Assuming a specialist confirms that a 25-year-old patient has AIDS, dealing and living with this truth may be harder for him or her compared to someone who acquires it during their 50s or 60s. Whereas the latter has perhaps fulfilled most of the activities in their entire bucket list, the former may merely be starting to get to it. The dream of experiencing a happily-ever-after might seem bleak in their mind as well, thinking that nobody will ever want to date a man or woman with AIDS. Not to mention, even if it is only a one-night stand, they tend to feel too ashamed to talk about it, and so they end up not meeting anyone.



In Conclusion

Depression is indeed common among people who get diagnosed with AIDS. “Clinicians attending HIVpp [HIV positive patients] should be able to evaluate possible signs of depression and refer symptomatic patients for psychiatric assessment whenever necessary,” Stylianos Arseniou MD and co-authors explained. No one can blame them for becoming helpless in such a situation wherein finding a cure for a specific disease is next to impossible. At times, the drugs and the people they mingle with may be aggravating the mental disorder as well.

In case you know an AIDS patient, you should offer that individual your full support or even an ear to listen to their woes. Beyond financial assistance, remember that these folks can benefit from the emotional or mental aid that you can provide. One of the best ways of doing this is by referring them to an online therapist. That – and not money – can lead them away from depression.

How To Live Normally For An HIV/AIDS Victim

Among all the incurable diseases out there, HIV/AIDS is perhaps the hardest to live with for anyone. Some might say that unlike mental disorder, the illness does not require the patient to see a psychiatrist often or keep the person stuck in their head for hours. Unlike an autoimmune disease, you won’t need to see multiple doctors your entire life and deal with the failure of many body parts due to it.

While both reasonings are valid, the mere fact that HIV/AIDS is a sexually transmitted disease makes it look more extreme than any other illness. After all, there may be people who have no criticism in their bones, but there happen to be some members of the community as well who might be verbal about condemning the infected victims. The others who don’t speak yet don’t make contact either are possibly judging the patients internally too or are afraid of contracting the virus if they get in close proximity.

“Stigma prevents people from getting tested for HIV. Stigma prevents people from coming to the clinic and engaging in care. Stigma leads to social isolation and chronic stress, both of which increase mortality for all people, not just people living with HIV,” writes Parker Hudson, M.D.



We know that merely telling you to pay no one any mind is not enough to help you feel stronger to manage your thoughts in such situations. In case you want an idea of how to live normally despite having HIV/AIDS, though, you can take note of the following:


  1. Remember That Blaming Yourself Or Others Won’t Help

When a doctor confirms that you have a sexually transmitted illness, you might either blame yourself for being promiscuous or blame the partner who infected you. You get mad; you want to yell or curse at everybody. It is as if your head is only filled with hateful thoughts.

Regardless of how you got the disease, you should know that starting the blaming game will not do anything. If the specialists can’t find a cure for you, so can’t the person who transferred the virus to you. It will help you more to learn to accept the illness instead.

“Since you can’t change something you are not aware of doing, the first step is to catch yourself every time you say or think, ‘could have’, ‘would have’ or ‘should have’ and substitute a neutral, non-judgmental mantra, like, ‘It is what it is,'” writes Georgia Witkin Ph.D.

  1. Know The Things You Cannot Do

Since HIV/AIDS mainly affects your immune system, there are perhaps a plethora of activities that you may be unable to do. For instance, you are not supposed to go to public places much without a mask to cover your nose and mouth because of the other viruses and bacteria you might catch there. If the disease targets your nerves, you cannot be physically active as well, to the extent that even driving an automatic vehicle may be problematic.

Instead of complaining about it, you ought to understand everything that can promote the progression of HIV/AIDS. That is more important than focusing on activities you can do.

  1. Stop Thinking That You Will Die Soon

Perhaps because practically half of the known victims of the sexually transmitted disease worldwide ended up dying, many individuals who have contracted the virus not too long ago may be thinking that they don’t need to try to live since the illness will kill them anyway. The truth, however, is that there are already drugs that may eliminate the viral infection in its early stages or slow down its development. That is more acceptable than having no treatment at all, albeit a long-term cure is nowhere in sight.



In Conclusion

HIV/AIDS is a tough adversary not only because it is incurable but also because you have to deal with the stigma once you get diagnosed with it. Nevertheless, other people are living with diseases that the medical world cannot heal either. If a person with diabetes, a cancer patient, or someone with autoimmunity can find some normalcy in their life, you should be able to do the same. It may help if you focus your attention on sites like BetterHelp, which supports people to conquer life amidst their illnesses. Seeing encouraging posts from mental health professionals every day on Facebook and Instagram can help you shift your mindset.

“Illness is rarely purely biochemical, and as such, purely biochemical treatment rarely leads to cure when emotional, psychological, and spiritual factors that contribute to illness are left untreated,” writes Lissa Rankin M.D.

Learn to face your new reality and don’t let the narrow-minded folks get to you. You are fantastic with or without illness. Cheer up!

Ways To Ease The Burden That Your HIV-Positive Friend Feels


If a close friend calls you one day and divulges while crying that he or she got diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), there may be too many thoughts that will cross your mind. First, you may want to know how it happened, but you might realize at once that it may not be something that the person can discuss right now quickly. You may then ask about who else is aware of the disease or if his or her family members have already heard of the news. Overall, however, you tend to think about how you can help your friend get through this ordeal without falling into depression.

Well, there are no exact steps to assist someone in coping with a sexually transmitted disease. But you are welcome to try by:

  1. Knowing The Best Words To Say Around Him Or Her

As mentioned earlier, there are some questions better left unspoken in front of an individual who lives with an illness like an HIV infection. For instance, instead of asking your friend why he or she forgot to use condoms, you should empathize with him or her and talk about how terrible it must have been to hear about it from the specialist. Rather than downplaying the severity of the problem in hopes of making the person feel better, you ought to show more sensitivity than that and offer help in any way possible.

“We are all wired with a need and a desire for encouragement. Without it, we often falter, give up, become depressed, and feel invisible,” writes Karen Riddell J.D.

  1. Understanding The Symptoms Of HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus is no longer a hush-hush topic; that’s why there’s a high chance that you are already aware that it targets the immune system of whoever gets infected by it. Despite that, the number of symptoms that this sexually transmitted disease does not end with the individual catching colds and cough more than others. He or she may also experience extreme fatigue and fever, considering his or her antibodies are working day and night to fight the virus. Additionally, the infection may escalate and affect the bones and muscles, and so body pain is quite common.

You should know such signs of HIV early so that you have an inkling of what’s happening to your associate, no thanks to his or her illness.

“It’s absolutely clear that social determinants and environmental factors must be addressed if we’re going to make a real impact,” said Gwendolyn P. Keita, PhD.

  1. Protecting The Person Against Judgmental Folks

The news about your friend contracting a sexually transmitted disease cannot possibly remain as a secret forever. He or she may have mentioned it to a colleague at work who seemed to be trustworthy in the beginning. Later, however, it might turn out that that fellow gossiped about it to other co-employees who are now looking at the HIV-positive person with malice and disgust.

One thing you can do if the diagnosis leaks out is to make it clear to everyone around you that no one has a right to judge your friend. Many tend to stay mum about it and wait till the issue dies down, but you have to remember that it will merely let others believe that what they are doing is okay.

“Stigma prevents people from getting tested for HIV. Stigma prevents people from coming to the clinic and engaging in care. Stigma leads to social isolation and chronic stress, both of which increase mortality for all people, not just people living with HIV,” writes Parker Hudson, M.D.

  1. Offering Realistic Support

It is also critical for a true friend not only to tell an ill person that you are always available if they need you. You genuinely have to offer practical support by calling every day to know whether you can get any supply for them or they require company for the doctor’s appointment. This way, they can tell that you are not merely saying it – that you are indeed willing to do anything to help them.


To Sum Things Up

An HIV diagnosis can be unimaginable for everyone. Your friend perhaps trusted the man or woman who infected him or her with it. He or she may have solely wanted to have fun as well when it happened. The thing is, participating in the blaming game won’t alter the damage now. You should focus on helping the patient feel better instead to ease his or her burden.


First Symptoms Of HIV That You Shouldn’t Ignore


We have seen the society open its doors wider than ever for the people living with HIV in recent years. Folks no longer keep their distance or shun the patients for having the virus. There are testing facilities as well in almost every health center or clinic, which practically denotes that it is okay to want to get examined for the infection. Best of all, to prevent its continuous spreading, many infomercials about the sexually transmitted disease have started popping up even on mainstream media.

If there is something that producers or creators of this propaganda cannot do, however, it’s to become very detailed regarding what an HIV patient experiences on a daily basis. Doing so entails that they need to be graphic, after all, and that may get flagged by regulatory boards, no matter how informational it may be.

Assuming you are ready to know the symptoms of a human immunodeficiency virus, though, check out the following indications.

  1. Fever

One of the first signs that you possibly have HIV is getting a fever. Since it is technically an infection, your body can tell that there’s a foreign entity in your system, and so its natural reaction is to fight the virus. Aside from that, you may have to deal with a sore throat, headache, and swelling lymph glands, thus perhaps causing you to think that you came down with influenza. These symptoms might stay until the infection goes away or gets suppressed by prescribed drugs.


  1. Fatigue

Fatigue happens to be another common indication of HIV. Like we’ve mentioned previously, your immune system will continue battling the foreign bodies for as long as they are in the body. Although it is great to know that you have antibodies to protect you against any virus, it also entails that every cell inside you are working hard even when you are either relaxing or sleeping. That results to you feeling fatigued the entire time.

  1. Joint Pain

In case you are too young to develop arthritis or a doctor already confirmed that you do not have this problem, then you might want to look into the possibility that you may be HIV positive. The reason is that the human immunodeficiency virus can go into your bloodstream and enter your joint capsules. When the infection attacks, therefore, these affected body parts will undoubtedly ache and make you feel weak.

  1. Rashes

Anyone can easily assume that a skin rash is an effect of coming in contact or ingesting an allergen. However, if you are confident that you have never been allergic to anything in the past, and several tests ensure that that has not changed, its cause may, unfortunately, be HIV. The rash typically looks red and feels very itchy, yet it is not raised like a bump that you may get from a mosquito bite. When you scrutinize it, smaller reddish bumps may make it up. If you notice rashes with the same description appear on your feet, hands, chest, face, or other body parts, try to see a doctor at once.


  1. Diarrhea

While it may be common for you to experience diarrhea, mainly when you overeat or consume something that doesn’tgo well with your digestive system, you should be aware as well that it can be a symptom of human immunodeficiency virus. Regular diarrhea, after all, may go away after taking a loperamide capsule or two and eating foods that may solidify your stool. If its cause is HIV, though, it may become unrelenting.


In case you realize that you carry any or all of these symptoms – or you know someone who does – you should not wait another day before going to a specialist to get tested. The sooner you treat the infection, the faster you may be able to dispel it from your system.

5 Practical Ways To Avoid HIV


Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is undoubtedly one of the diseases that no sane person will ever dream of acquiring. Although health conditions are awful to obtain in general, some folks may prefer to get diabetes or cancer instead of that. After all, the latter develops because of too much eating and other causes, while the former is known to be due to the transmission of fluids from one infected body to another through sex, breastfeeding, or needle-sharing.

Fortunately, the world has become open when it comes to talking about HIV more now than ever. It is not only the members and supporters of the LGBTQ community that spreads information regarding the illness but also the heterosexuals who are aware of the significance of decreasing the number of people who acquire this disease every year.

With the same goal in mind, let us tell you a few practical ways to avoid HIV today.


  1. Always Use A Condom

Regardless of your gender, you should have a condom or two in your bag or wallet if you are sexually active. That is especially necessary when you go on a blind date that may or may not lead to you doing the horizontal tango with the person later in the evening. For the guys, it shows how responsible you are for always carrying protection. For the ladies, it will mean that no man can give you the excuse that he forgot to bring condoms and coax you to do the deed without it.

  1. Refrain From Being Too Promiscuous

Having fun and trying different “flavors” out there – for lack of better word – is technically no longer a taboo. Any man or woman can agree to have a one-night stand with anybody or stay in an open relationship, assuming he or she is a consenting adult. However, the more you sleep with multiple individuals, the higher the risk is that you might contract HIV at some point. Hence, if you can chill for a moment and be choosy with the folks you allow in your bed, you may never worry about a sexually transmitted disease.

  1. Get Tested With Your Partner

In case there is someone you are starting to like even though he or she is still a stranger to you, and you already want to sleep with him or her, it is ideal to make a quick stop at a doctor’s clinic or health center to get an HIV test before going to your place. The prevention of the illness is a top priority now; that’s why many facilities can provide this examination either for free or at a low cost. Doing so will let you know at once whether you should have sex with this person or not, and vice versa.

  1. Use Brand-New Needles Only

You should take note of the fact that human immunodeficiency virus does not merely get transmitted via sexual intercourse. Even an individual who has not been in bed with anyone for years can acquire the disease if, for some reason, he or she used a needle that an infected fellow already injected to himself or herself. James O. Mason, M.D. and co-authors, wrote that “All health-care workers should take precautions to prevent injuries caused by needles, scalpels, and other sharp instruments or devices during procedures.” Considering you see one and you are unsure whether it’s brand-new or not, you cannot leave your future to fate and still utilize that needle. Always make sure that you use one that’s fresh out of its sealed packaging.

  1. Take HIV-Preventing Drugs

In special cases in which you cannot prevent having sex with different partners – e.g., you work in an adult industry – a wise tip to lower your chances of getting HIV is to take drugs that may counter the effects of the virus. Only a doctor can prescribe pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), and you will likely need to take medication on a daily basis.   and collaborator explain that, “The evidence-based approach is considered both an important part of an overall prevention strategy and a means to reduce infection rates in at-risk populations. Learn more about PrEP and whether it’s the right prevention strategy for you.”

William R. Short, MD, MPH, said that, “the biggest challenge is getting patients to actually take their medication each day. It is 90 percent effective when taken daily, but only about 44 percent effective if not taken each day.”


Won’t it be great if the number of HIV-infected individuals no longer increase in the coming years? Share and learn about prevention of sexually transmitted diseases now.