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Case Study

According to the World Health Organization, more than two-thirds of the 34.2 million people living with HIV at the end of 2011 live in countries af

In order to improve voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) service uptake and target demand creation activities more effectively, clients curre

In Zambia’s Southern Province, the Community PMTCT Follow-up Register Project is improving access and adherence to HIV testing and treatment for pr

The SIDHAS program (2010-14) helps to mitigate the risks faced by Nigeria’s orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) through technical assistance to g

In recent years, the once-insular Maasai people of Longido District in northern Tanzania have established greater contact with non-Maasai populatio

More than a decade of conflict has ravaged the health infrastructure and service delivery in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). As a result,

Data from a 2009 modeling exercise suggested that Rwanda has a mixed HIV epidemic, meaning that transmission occurs within both most-at-risk popula

This case study documents how the Jane Goodall Institute (JGI) is effectively mainstreaming HIV/AIDS and broader health issues into their  natural

Entrenched gender inequality is a major contributor to Swaziland's HIV prevalence rate, which in turn, hinders poverty reduction and national devel

Home-based HIV testing and counseling (HBHTC) has emerged as a promising approach to meet the Kenyan government’s challenge—that 80 percent of al

In South Africa, men are increasingly rejecting wide-spread stereotypes of manhood by stepping forward to challenge gender roles that compromise th

In Zambia's border towns and commercial corridors, the HIV prevalence rate has been significantly increased by a high transient population. This ca

The Polyclinic of Hope in Rwanda takes a comprehensive approach to combating gender-based violence for genocide survivors affected by HIV by facili

A complex matrix of factors, such as low literacy, early sexual initiation, and limited economic opportunities, increases the vulnerability of wome

In 2007, Kenya experienced a wave of violence following its presidential elections. This case study documents the emergency plans that had been in

During emergencies, the fragile healthcare infrastructures in many developing countries cannot address acute injuries while continuing to manage ch

Prompted by a growing knowledge of the complexity of HIV transmission, many countries are reassessing the nature of their HIV epidemics. "Mixed" ep

After the 2009 release of WHO’s Rapid Advice for HIV treatment in adults and adolescents, Zambia launched a broad-based effort to update i

In many countries facing high-prevalence, generalized HIV epidemics, the development of a national prevention strategy is difficult and often does

Orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) are susceptible to abuse, exploitation, violence, and neglect and often do not have access to support s

Chronic food insecurity and achieving strict adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) are global challenges that, together, have a deleterious eff

An in-depth look at the Peter C. Alderman Foundation's efforts to integrate HIV services and referrals into their mental health program in the post

In regions of high fertility and HIV prevalence, integration of family planning and HIV services has emerged as a promising strategy to prevent tra

The Health Initiatives for the Private Sector (HIPS) Project is a model for involving private providers in a national HIV/AIDS prevention and treat

An example of how assistance can be mobilized from within communities to protect young people’s access to education, Youth Alive Tanzania’s Youth a

Despite scale-up of HIV testing and counseling (HTC) interventions mostly involving voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) or client-initiated test

Little attention is paid to the potential risk of HIV exposure in intergenerational relationships, through which older men offer young women money

As a lynchpin of its bold goal of zero new HIV infections by 2016, Botswana's national O Icheke: Break the Chain campaign offers a wake-up call on

In South Africa, where rates of alcohol consumption and HIV are among the highest in the world, sexual risk taking and drinking frequently intersec

Men who have sex with men (MSM) have been neglected in HIV programming in sub-Saharan Africa, frequently ignored in national strategies and hidden

Launched on South African television in June 2008, the Scrutinize Campaign was a year-long series of HIV prevention ads targeting

Makhwapheni Uyabulala, or “Secret Lovers Kill,” was Swaziland’s first national media campaign to focus on the HIV risk of

Family Planning Integration Documents

In recent years, the Government of the Republic of Zambia (GRZ) has made some significant improvements in health outcomes. The country is on track

Uganda has enjoyed relative stability, has achieved economic reform, and has had many political and social advances since 1986, under President Yow

Tanzania, with an unbroken record of political stability and abundant natural resources, is a key partner of the United States in East Africa. In r

Rwanda is one of the most densely populated, poorest countries in Africa. The 1994 genocide fueled the spread of HIV infection, with thousands of s

Nigeria is Africa’s most populous nation, and although it enjoys considerable oil and gas resources, its health indicators are among the worst in t

Malawi is a small, land-locked country in Southern Africa. The latest estimates of Malawi’s health workforce in the 2000s demonstrate a critical sh

Promising Practice

MCP messages were integrated into the larger interpersonal communication strategy, using community debates, participatory thea

SHAPE II worked closely with Ghana's Ministry of Education, Science and Sports (MOESS), and the Ghana Education Service (GES)

SHARe Zambia program worked to address HIV/AIDS in the workplace in both the public and private sectors. This nomination focus

The intervention consists of three parts: (1) community, (2) health facility (public, private and traditional), and (3) an int

Strategically Managing AIDS Response in the Workplace (SMARTWork) works in partnership with the Nigerian Business Coalition Ag

MEMA kwa Vijana (MkV), or “Good things for young people,” used a multi-sectoral approach to prevent HIV and improve sexual hea

In 2005, the first Teen Club for HIV-positive adolescents in Botswana was started at the Botswana-Baylor Children’s Clinical C

Data have shown that substance use may be a precursor to involvement in sexual behavior, suggesting that substance use prevent

mental health, mothers, perinatal health

Y.E.A.H. is a multi-channel communication campaign for young people that combines mass media, person-to-person, and community

mass media, transactional sex, youth

The In-Reach program provides access to care to children by creating linkages between families and staff. Staff members make h

The CWGH has several programs focused on youth empowerment and health. The OVC program offers OVC youth an opportunity to expr

Soul City: IHDC was initiated in 1992 in order to harness the power of the mass media for health and deve

The Society for Family Health and the Population Services International (SFH/PSI) will manage a franchise network (under the b

TALC is an active and effective advocacy and treatment literacy organization that has made major achievements in Zambia and ha

Health Initiatives for the Private Sector (HIPS), a USAID-funded project, partners with private companies to design and implem

Pathfinder's Expansion of Psychosocial and Peer Counseling Services Program has worked in Botswana to promote well being among

The AYA strategy focused on implementing and scaling up a comprehensive set of six integrated adolescent sexual and reproducti

Community Care in Nigeria (CCN) is a 3-year programme that aims to improve the quality of life of 12,500 Orphans and Vulnerabl

BroadReach Healthcare's North West Province Down Referral Model in South Africa reduces overburdened public health resources b

Use of group based cognitive behavioral skills training on HIV risk and prevention in gender specific groups to change sexual

Memory work is a practical, child-centered, community-led approach that encourages families to communicate openly about HIV an

The study was carried out in Thyolo District, in Southern Malawi, with a population of 650 000. The district has one governmen

The Drug Resources Enhancement Against AIDS and Malnutrition (DREAM) project was first implemented in Mozambique in 2002 with

Pathfinder works with communities and health facilities in 14 districts of Nairobi, Eastern and Central provinces to increase

HIV infection and intimate-partner violence share a common risk environment in much of southern Africa. The aim of the Interve

UPHOLD - CSO decided to make a contribution towards meeting the growing need to support HIV/AIDS prevention among sexually act

This program was focused around a model of adult mentorship and support to improve psychosocial outcomes among youth-headed ho

In 2000, IMPACT/Rwanda launched support for its first VCT project with the Rwandan AIDS Information Center, which was designed

Stepping Stones is a workshop series designed as a training package to help promote sexual and reproductive health. The traini

STRIVE's implementation strategy was to support NGOs and CBOs that work with communities to carry out appropriate, effective,

Population Media Center-Ethiopia developed the Youth-Focused Media Communication Project to promote social response to HIV/AID

behavior change, mass media, youth

The overall objective of the Women's Health CoOp study is to obtain a better understanding of the relationship between alcohol

The DCSA Workplace HIV/AIDS program provides prevention, care, support and treatment services to employees, their dependents a

The Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia (CIDRZ) is a nonprofit organization affiliated with the University of Ala

The Rwanda Zambia Research Group (RZHRG) was formed in 1986 based on a study of HIV prevalence in pregnant women in Rwanda. Wo

The Family Health Integrated Development Assistance (FAHIDA) Savings and Loan Project provides savings and credit services to

The vision of CPC is to reduce the infection rates of STIs and HIV and to improve the quality of life for people living with a

NOAH works at franchising community-based models of orphan care through which motivated individuals from communities are guide

The RAPIDS approach consists of a systematic scale-up of successful community-based palliative care models of home-based care

The AIDS Support Organization (TASO) was founded in 1987 by Noerine Kaleeba and 15 other colleagues, some of whom have now pas

The AIDS Support Organization (TASO) with support from CDC implemented a home-based ART, prevention counseling and VCT program

The initial intervention focused on training older youth to provide HIV education, homework assistance and psychosocial suppor

Between July 2004 and July 2005, a research team discussed with girls and women individually and in focus groups the "wayo" sy

The Senga Model is a preventative gender technique that utilizes the traditional role of the father's sister, or senga, in edu

abstinence, community, mentoring, youth

Refentse uses an integrated, nurse-driven delivery model of post-rape care that includes the following services: post-exposure

In this HIV prevention trial sponsored by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), 34 communities in Africa (in South A

The One Man Can Campaign supports men and boys to take action to end domestic and sexual violence and to promote healthy, equi

In support of the National Strategic Framework for HIV/AIDS in Uganda, the AIM Project was designed to assist with increasing

Agents of Change is a peer education program intended for use in a church setting. Church-based young people are as much at ri

CHAMP is a manual-based program of 10--90-minute sessions delivered over 10 weekends. The sessions were designed to increase H

This was a prospective cohort study where women attended an antenatal clinic and were provided information about the risk of H

President Museveni's Presidential Initiative on AIDS Strategy for Communication to Youth (PIASCY) was a unique component of th

The Geração Biz Program was established to respond to the sexual and reproductive health needs of Mozambican youth aged 10 - 2

LoveLife is a comprehensive national-scale HIV prevention program focused specifically on the 12-17 age range. It was launched

The Mama Mkubwa (MM) initiative is a community-based initiative for the care and support of Most Vulnerable Children and Other

The Helping Each Other Act Responsibly Together (HEART) Campaign promotes healthy sexual behaviors among young people, ages 15

The Ndola Demonstration Project (NDP) efforts in PMTCT tested the operational feasibility of an integrated MTCT risk-reduction

EGPA's strategy in Uganda has been to complement Uganda Ministry of Health and private partners to cover human resource, infra

AMPATH is amongst the largest and most comprehensive HIV/AIDS-control systems in sub-Saharan Africa, providing a complete syst

The Kivulini Women's Rights Organization's core purpose is to build momentum for the prevention of domestic violence against w

Biruh Tesfa addresses vulnerabilities of migrant adolescent girls who have relocated to urban areas and are at risk of coerced

AMITIE enhances the ability of communities and the government to respond to the needs of OVC and PLWH through home and facilit

Issue Brief

While global guidance for HIV prevention recognizes the importance of structural HIV prevention, evidence for the effectiveness of these interventi

Public-private partnerships are collaborative endeavors that combine resources from both the public and private sectors to achieve targeted goals.

Technical Consultation Material

September 2013, Tanzania- From September 4-5, 2013, the PEPFAR OVC Technical Working Group, with additional support from the USAID/Tanzania

October 2012, Johannesburg, South Africa- This technical exchange brought together Gender Focal Points from PEPFAR country teams and headqua

December 2011, Ethiopia - At the 16th International Conference on AIDS and STIs in Africa (ICASA), PEPFAR, UNAIDS, and WHO collaborated on

November 2011, Ethiopia - This field-driven learning technical consultation—hosted by the PEPFAR Technical Working Groups (TWGs) for Care

June 2011, Washington, DC - Together with partners from United Nations Joint Programme on HIV/AIDS, the World Health Organization, the Bil

April 2011, Namibia - More than 80 participants representing fourteen countries joined multilateral donors and organizations to share appr

February 2011, Ghana - Seventy participants from 11 countries with mixed epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa, members of the PEPFAR Technical

November 2010, Mozambique - Responding to substantial demand for discussion around linkages to and retention in HIV care, AIDSTAR-One and

September 2010, South Africa - This three-day meeting brought together 117 health professionals from 14 countries in Eastern and Southern

May 2010, Washington, DC - At this consultation, country delegates along with invited research, program, and gender-based violence experts

November 2009, Kenya - AIDSTAR-One, in collaboration with the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) Technical Working Group

October 2008, Washington, DC - This technical consultation on multiple and concurrent sexual partnerships (MCP) convened researchers, US G

Report

In 2009, more than 200,000 HIV -positive pregnant women required antiretroviral therapy (ART) prophylaxis countrywide but only 13 percent received

Health care waste management (HCWM) is a critical health issue. In Nigeria, AIDSTAR-One worked to directly support a number of states in developing

In Ethiopia, health care waste management (HCWM) and its importance to human and environmental health and safety are widely ignored, despite a lega

Increasingly, health care waste (HCW) is generated in significantly large volumes and of diverse types. In order to fully understand the prevailin

Health care-acquired infections lead to death, disability, and excess medical costs. Infection prevention and control (IPC) measures maximize patie

USAID/Namibia received anecdotal evidence suggesting that over-the-counter (OTC) HIV rapid test kits (RTKs) were being sold to consumers for HIV se

Scant data exists on the prevalence of violence against children worldwide. However, available information, including the United Nations Secretary-

In 2012, AIDSTAR-One created a Toolkit for Transition of Care and Other Services for Adolescents Living with HIV to provide tools and guidan

Sexual violence and exploitation against children is steeped in contextual determinants, such as the socio-economic development and legacy of war-t

AIDSTAR-One conducted a situational analysis to determine factors that support or hinder effective care for children who have experienced sexual vi

From March to September 2012, AIDSTAR-One, in collaboration with the Jane Goodall Institute, the Kigoma Local Government Authority, and the Ministr

In the last decade, donors have increased their funding levels and capacity-building efforts to community groups that address the needs of children

In 2012 and 2013, AIDSTAR-One piloted the South-to-South Technical Exchange on Integrating PEPFAR Gender Strategies: Framework and Toolkit in colla

In collaboration with the Zimbabwe Ministry of Health and Child Welfare and the PEPFAR Care and Support and Treatment Technical Working Groups, AID

In 2012, AIDSTAR-One conducted a study using geographic information systems in order to determine the location and condition of waste treatment equ

This program review is a direct response to the urgent need to strengthen and expand HIV prevention for men who have sex with men and sex workers

Scant data exists on the prevalence of violence against children worldwide. However, available information, including the United Nations Secreta

Continuing work from the Making Medical Injections Safer project, USAID/Nigeria asked AIDSTAR-One to provide injection safety technical assistance

Linkages to and retention in HIV care for people living with HIV has emerged as a priority under the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relie

Early access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is particularly important for HIV-infected children. In Nigeria, a disparity exists between pediatric

This document aims to facilitate an understanding of the bi-directional relationship between HIV and food and nutrition security. It illustrates th

AIDSTAR-One developed and piloted educational tools to increase appropriate prescription and use of co-trimoxazole for eligible people living with

AIDSTAR-One conducted a 3-year demonstration project in Namibia to reduce heavy drinking and risky sexual behavior among bar patrons in a low-incom

 

In Ethiopia, ensuring a sufficient and sustainable supply of infection prevention and patient safety (IPPS) commodities is an important st

Healthcare-acquired infections lead to death, disability, and excess medical costs. Infection prevention and control (IPC) measures maximize patien

In April 2011, AIDSTAR-One, with support from the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH), piloted a training curriculum in Ethiopia that aims to address

In 2011, AIDSTAR-One conducted a rapid assessment of pediatric HIV treatment scale-up in Zambia to better understand the barriers to providing and/

In guidelines released in 2010, the World Health Organization recommends that health facilities integrate prevention of mother-to-child transmissio

In February 2011, AIDSTAR-One, with support from the Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation (MOPHS), piloted a training curriculum in Kenya that

HIV and mental illness are significant global public health concerns in Zimbabwe. A coordinated and comprehensive response, particularly between HI

community, integration, mental health, policy

 

This document provides key findings for guiding programming for most-at-risk populations in mixed epidemic settings.

 

This study, conducted in six states in Nigeria, explores community perceptions of PMTCT and safe male circumcision (SMC) services and identifies ba

Because gender-based violence (GBV) is widely recognized as both a cause and a consequence of HIV infection, the President's Emergency Plan for AID

AIDSTAR-One conducted this baseline assessment of injection safety in five USAID priority states: Bauchi, Benue, Cross River, Lagos, and Sokoto. Us

A growing body of epidemiological and social science research links alcohol consumption with sexual behaviors that put people at risk for HIV and o

Despite increased understanding of the link between gender and HIV and, more recently, the value of using multiple gender strategies to mitigate wo

This report, Equipping Parents and Health Providers to Address the Psychological and Social Challenges of Caring for Children Living with H

This technical report examines a nutritional assessment, counseling, and support (NACS) program in Uganda that uses a quality improvement approach

An assessment was conducted in Kenya in October 2009 in order to examine the national Food by Prescription (FBP) program, study program strengths a

July 2010 - At the request of PEPFAR’s Technical Working Group and USAID, AIDSTAR-One facilitated its first south-to-south (S2S) exchange of tech

Spotlight

In countries battling the most severe HIV epidemics in the world, there is yet another powerful and under-addressed structural force at play: the u

Quarraisha Abdool Karim calls on implementers to “push the paradigm,” amplifying promising approaches to HIV prevention among young sub-Saharan wom

microbicides, women

Helen Epstein provides insight into her book examining Uganda's pioneering Zero Grazing Campaign targeting multiple and concurrent sexual partnersh

Success Story

This success story is about AIDSTAR-One's collaboration with seven universities and three regional health sciences colleges in Ethiopia to improve

This success story is about the success of AIDSTAR-One in developing positive attitudes through training for improving practices of health care wor

This success story is about the success of AIDSTAR-One in establishing a system working with a private company and health centers for recycling pla

The story is about the success of AIDSTAR-One advocacy for protecting health care workers with Hepatitis-B vaccination.

The story is about the success of AIDSTAR-One in leveraging resources from government as well as USG partners for health care waste management.

AIDSTAR-One successfully linked health facilities with the company immediately following health facility training so that managers knew where the

In order to facilitate the country-wide implementation of the safe phlebotomy strategy, AIDSTAR-One supported the Government of Nigeria in develo

Hundreds of tons of pharmaceuticals are shipped into or produced within low- and middle-income countries each year to treat the approximately 4 m

Technical Brief

In sub-Saharan Africa, HIV has negatively impacted both natural resource management (NRM) and economic growth (EG). This technical brief is a resou

As the number of adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV) continues to grow, the need to improve services, policies, and programs intensifies. This tech

A promising development approach for addressing food and nutrition insecurity for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) is permaculture. In the con

This technical brief documents promising practices in critical services related to the psychological and social wellbeing of perinatally-infected c

HIV serodiscordant couples, in which one partner is HIV-positive and the other is HIV-negative, are increasingly recognized as a priority for HIV

A growing body of research suggests that alcohol consumption is associated with the sexual behaviors that put people at risk for HIV. In develo

While gender, poverty, and gender-based violence alone do not define HIV risk, they increase women’s vulnerability. Gender-responsive economic em

Gender inequity is a fundamental driver in the HIV epidemic, and integrating strategies to address gender inequity and change harmful gender no

Health Policy Initiative Document

This document presents the potential cost and impact of scaling up medical MC services in Zimbabwe.

This document presents the potential cost and impact of scaling up medical MC services in Zambia.

This document presents the potential cost and impact of scaling up medical MC services in Botswana.

This document presents the potential cost and impact of scaling up medical MC services in Tanzania.

This document presents the potential cost and impact of scaling up medical MC services in Swaziland.

This document presents the potential cost and impact of scaling up medical MC services in South Africa.

This document presents the potential cost and impact of scaling up medical MC services in Rwanda.

This document presents the potential cost and impact of scaling up medical MC services in Namibia.

This document presents the potential cost and impact of scaling up medical MC services in Mozambique.

This document presents the potential cost and impact of scaling up medical MC services in Malawi.

This document presents the potential cost and impact of scaling up medical MC services in Lesotho.

This document presents the potential cost and impact of scaling up medical MC services in Nyanza, Kenya.

This document presents the potential cost and impact of scaling up medical MC services in Gambela, Ethiopia.

This document presents the potential cost and impact of scaling up medical MC services in Botswana.

This case study describes how TO1 of the HPI and its predecessor, the POLICY Project, helped establish Kenya's first national network of HIV-positi

This brief describes how the HPI's support has helped NEPHAK emerge as a strong, sustainable institution, able to successfully champion the rights

This document describes how HPI and KETAM have successfully championed Kenyans' right to access affordable HIV treatment, care, and support service

This brief describes how TO1 of the HPI in Kenya helped HIV-positive health workers come together to form a network to fight stigma and discriminat

This document describes the HPI's efforts to support HIV positive teachers in Kenya in fighting stigma and discrimination, advocating for teachers'

This report describes the HPI's work to facilitate policy dialogue among Ethiopian stakeholders to enable them to set priorities for work with men

This manual is intended to guide trainers facilitating sessions in constructive men's engagement in reproductive health.

This guide was drafted by the Botswana Ministry of Health to ensure wider awareness of the OVC Guidelines and Botswana's Children's Act.

This document details Côte d'Ivoire's HIV/AIDS policy agenda.

This document summarizes an HIV/AIDS policy situational analysis conducted by HPI | TO 1 in Côte d'Ivoire.