HIV Testing and Counseling

HIV testing and counseling (HTC) is the crucial bridge to HIV treatment, care, and support. HTC helps people to learn their HIV status, access treatment, learn how to prevent transmission, and gain the support services needed.

AIDSTAR-One’s resources are designed to assist program planners and implementers developing and implementing HIV testing and counseling interventions, including:

  • Provider-Initiated Testing and Counseling (PITC):
    Integrating HTC into health services Learn More

  • Home-Based HIV Testing and Counseling (HBHTC):
    HTC at your door Learn More

  • Most-at-Risk Populations (MARPs):
    How do you reach MARPs and help them seek HTC? Learn More

  • HIV Rapid Testing (RT):
    Rapid Testing, Rapid Results Learn More

  • South-to-South Technical Assistance:
    Leveraging Local Expertise in HBHTC Learn More
HIV Testing & Counseling Resources

Reports and Publications

Technical Consultation Reports

The Home-based HIV Testing and Counseling (HBHTC) technical consultation gathered implementers from Kenya and Uganda who shared key features of HBHTC programs, challenges and strategic approaches, lessons learned, and suggestions for new and ongoing HBHTC programs. Read the full report

HIV Testing and Counseling Tools and Implementation Support

Provider-initiated Testing and Counseling (PITC) Policy Review

AIDSTAR-One conducted a review of PITC policies in PEPRFAR countries. Access the policy review

Home-based HIV Testing and Counseling (HBHTC) Tools

AIDSTAR-One collected a range of HBHTC tools from Kenyan and Ugandan. View the tools

From the Prevention Knowledge Base
  • HIV Testing and Counseling as Prevention

    As a stand-alone intervention, HIV testing and counseling (HTC) contributes to prevention of HIV transmission by identifying and informing individuals, partners and couples, and families of their HIV status and counseling them to develop appropriate sexual, injection, or other risk-reduction measures. These measures differ according to the serostatus of the individual or of couples, be they seroconcordant (both partners test either HIV-positive or HIV-negative) or serodiscordant (one partner tests HIV-positive and the other tests HIV-negative).

    Read More

    Updated March 2012

  • HIV Prevention for Hard-to-Reach Men Who Have Sex with Men

    Men who have sex with men (MSM) can be difficult to reach with HIV prevention messages and services, since many are secretive about their sexual activities. To be successful, programs must address behavioral risk reduction and reach MSM in ways that reflect the diversity of their sexual behavior and their varied social and political contexts.

    Read More

    Updated December 2010

  • OLD HIV Prevention for Serodiscordant Couples

    Recent studies in sub-Saharan African countries with mature epidemics show that up to two-thirds of infected couples are serodiscordant: one partner is HIV-positive and the other HIV-negative. One study found that 55 to 92 percent of new, heterosexually acquired HIV infections among adults occurred within serodiscordant regular relationships. Promising prevention responses have included couples testing, group workshops, and ARV therapy, but effectiveness is not yet proven.

    Read More

    Updated: November 2009