HIV Prevention Knowledge Base
Behavioral Interventions: Comprehensive Condom Use Programs
Guidance for the Prevention of Sexually Transmitted HIV Infections
This August 2011 guidance from the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) on prevention of sexually transmitted infections aims to support PEPFAR country teams to identify the best combination of HIV prevention strategies, based on country-specific epidemiology. It describes the overarching principles for prevention programs and then spells out the evidence base and implementation guidelines for specific interventions. The chapter on biomedical interventions includes a summary of evidence on the efficacy of male and female condoms for prevention of HIV transmission. It spells out three key factors in program implementation: condom availability must be increased; knowledge, acceptability, and demand must be stimulated; and access to antiretroviral therapy is driving increased demand and creating more opportunities for accelerated condom promotion. It also has chapters on behavioral interventions and on assembling a portfolio of interventions to optimize the PEPFAR contribution to a country’s continuum of response.
Comprehensive Condom Programming: A Guide for Resource Mobilizationand Country Programming
This 16-page report states the rationale for condom promotion, arguing that condoms are central to HIV prevention because they are both effective in reducing HIV transmission and cost-effective. The study outlines a step-by-step strategic approach to developing a condom program, starting with establishing a national condom team, conducting situation analysis, and developing a comprehensive national condom strategy. This is followed by budget and operational plans linked to national commodity security plans, resources mobilization, capacity strengthening, and demand creation. The final steps are strengthening advocacy and media engagement as well as monitoring and evaluation.
Lot Quality Assurance Sampling for Monitoring Coverage and Quality of a Targeted Condom Social Marketing Programme in Traditional and Non-Traditional Outlets in India
A large-scale social marketing campaign under the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the Avahan initiative resulted in condoms being more widely available in areas with a concentration of female sex workers. Improved coverage was achieved largely because of the increase in the network of non-traditional sales outlets such as bars, fuel stations, grocery stores, and restaurants. Areas were monitored to ascertain the availability and quality of condoms using lot quality sampling. The authors recommend lot quality sampling to do routine monitoring of geographic coverage because it is easy to collect data, sample sizes are small, and the data can be analyzed using simple methods.
Barriers to Condoms: Implementing and Documenting Advocacy Strategies
This report presents findings from three case studies of condom promotion activities in Cambodia, Jamaica, and India. All three case studies are described in detail, and there is a summary of the sociocultural, legal, economic, and financial barriers to condom access and use. Despite the diverse nature of the three settings, they had four elements in common. They all used a peer-based model; addressed stigma and discrimination as a precursor to condom promotion; had a practical, evidence-based approach; and integrated condom advocacy with other health services related to HIV as well as wider sexual and reproductive health services.
Public Health Procurement Guide and Product Catalog 2010
This document is published annually by the USAID | DELIVER PROJECT and spells out the ordering procedures for use by missions to procure male and female condoms as well as other contraceptive supplies. It includes logistics forecasts to individual countries to aid calculation of delivery lead times, guidelines on the disposal of expired contraceptive products, and a product catalog and price list.
Priority Interventions: HIV/AIDS Prevention, Treatment and Care in the Health Sector
This report is aimed at a broad readership including donors, public health officials, national HIV program managers, health care workers, and other stakeholders. It describes priority interventions for HIV prevention, treatment, and care. There are also policy and technical recommendations and guidance on setting HIV program priorities. Recommendations on prevention of sexual transmission of HIV include condom promotion for the general population as well as at-risk groups such as serodiscordant couples and sex workers. There is also a list of over 230 useful resources.
Logistics for Health Commodities
This 75-minute course explains the purpose and components of a logistics system and its role in supporting contraceptive and commodity security. There are modules introducing the basics of logistics in theory and in practice, covering topics such as forecasting, finance, procurement, and delivery. There are examples from the field to show how logistics can make limited resources stretch further and make programs more successful. The course also covers the importance of a logistics management information system and guidance on forecasting, inventory control, and storage. Users can monitor their learning with frequent multiple-choice quizzes, culminating in an online exam. There is a click-through glossary for technical terms throughout the course. Go to link below and then register (free), then click “Course Catalog” and select “Logistics for Health Commodities.”
Condom Programming for HIV Prevention: An Operations Manual for Programme Managers
Launching a new condom program or improving an existing one can be done with the seven-step process laid out in this manual. There are detailed chapters on understanding condom users and the program environment; creating an action plan; ensuring a pipeline of high-quality condoms; expanding distribution, condom promotion at distribution points, promoting condoms in the community and at district and national levels; and program monitoring and evaluation. The manual provides a checklist of key actions, examples from the field, and useful worksheets and contacts. There are also fact sheets on male and female condoms, their dual role as protection against HIV and pregnancy, and gender and condom programming.
Making Condoms Work for HIV Prevention: Cutting Edge Perspectives
This report provides guidance on how to ensure optimal use of condoms as part of a comprehensive HIV prevention strategy. Steps include ensuring sufficient condom supplies, promoting their use within at-risk groups and the general population, clearly communicating their effectiveness, and addressing misconceptions. The report spells out the common features of condom promotion success stories and explains how to make condoms campaigns more effective. It gives useful but succinct information on the evidence base supporting condom promotion. Attention is given to recognizing and capitalizing on the interactions between different elements of condom promotion, such as social marketing and condom education.