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HIV Prevention Knowledge Base

A Collection of Research and Tools to Help You Find What Works in Prevention

Behavioral Interventions: Peer Outreach and Education

Link to important additional materials and websites

Peer Education for Kinshasa’s Sex Workers

Department for International Development, (2007).
This web document gives a brief overview of a Congolese sex worker and her involvement in POE. Links are provided to related articles and reports.

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Young Peer Educators Raise Awareness of HIV/AIDS Prevention in Gujarat Youth
UNICEF (2007)

This short article describes a youth awareness project in India.

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Effectiveness of Interventions to Address HIV in Prison
World Health Organization (2007)

This comprehensive report on HIV prevention efforts and challenges among male and female prisoners around the globe is heavily referenced and provides detailed information about the extent of HIV risk factors in prisons, such as rape or coerced sex, injection drug use, and consensual sex. Study summaries are provided and intervention programs including POE are overviewed. The report concludes with a list of recommendations for effective HIV prevention programs in prisons.

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Frequently Asked Questions on Peer Education
Family Health International/YouthNet, (2002).

This web-based guide answers the following frequently asked questions (FAQs): What are the advantages and benefits of peer programs? What criteria are commonly used when selecting young people to become peer promoters? Is there evidence that peer programs are successful? What are the lessons learned from peer programs? Are peer programs cost-effective? Detailed responses with examples and references are provided. The FAQs guide can be downloaded.

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A Review of the Effectiveness and Appropriateness of Peer-delivered Health Promotion Interventions for Young People
Harden, A., Weston, R., & Oakley, A., Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, (1999).

The authors of this report conducted a systematic review of the published literature regarding youth POE. They examine the claim that POE is superior to more traditional forms of education and prevention. Full reports for 462 studies of POE programs were available for review. The authors provide citations and discuss research methodologies, study outcomes, and recommendations for future program evaluations.
After classifying each study for research design and scientific soundness, they found that only 12 of the 49 outcome evaluation studies were methodologically sound and only 5 of 12 studies directly compared peers and teachers. Of the five studies, “two found peers to be more effective than teachers, two found them to be no more or less effective, and one concluded that neither peers nor teachers were effective.” (179 pages)

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World Education Publications, HIV and AIDS
JSI/World Education Center for HIV and AIDS. 

This web-based resource provides numerous publications related to HIV prevention and intervention. Some of the documents are locale-specific for various countries or states in the U.S. Others documents address topics from the care and treatment of pediatric HIV and AIDS to workplace prevention programs and peer education. Other topics include planning services, determining site readiness to initiate antiretroviral treatment, and business coalitions to prevent HIV.

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National Organization of Peer Educators, Kenya
NOPE, Nairobi, Kenya

This website provides information about the Kenyan non-governmental organization, NOPE, which is active in POE programs to prevent HIV in Kenya.

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