HIV Prevention Knowledge Base
Biomedical Interventions: Contraception to Prevent Unplanned Pregnancies among Women with HIV
10 Essential Steps: How to Strengthen Family Planning and HIV Service Integration
This one-page document outlines 10 steps to help develop and implement an integrated family planning and HIV program. The 10 steps are: 1) generate demand for integrated services, 2) organize services, 3) ensure commodity security, 4) train providers, 5) screen all clients from an unmet need for contraception, 6) foster dual protection and dual-method use, 7) challenge provider bias, 8) reinforce referral systems, 9) strengthen skills for supportive supervision, and 10) monitor and evaluate performance.
Integration of Family Planning into HIV Counseling and Testing, Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission, and Antiretroviral Therapy Services, Training Facilitator’s Guide
Designed to train practicing HIV service providers in family planning (FP) counseling and service provision for FP/HIV integration, this new training resource includes a trainer’s guide, participant’s guide, presentations, and job aid. Participants trained with this manual will be able to implement effective FP counseling and services for HIV counseling and testing, preventing maternal-to-child transmission of HIV, and antiretroviral therapy clients.
Rapid Assessment Tool for Sexual & Reproductive Health Linkages: A Generic Guide
The objective of this tool is to assess HIV and SRH linkages at the policy, systems, and service delivery levels. It may be used to identify gaps and to guide the development of country-specific action plans to forge and strengthen these linkages.
Family Planning Discussion Topics for Voluntary Counseling and Testing: A Reference Guide for FP Counseling of Individuals, Couples, and Special Groups by Trained VCT Counselors
This job aid provides information to help providers of HIV CT integrate FP messages into their counseling sessions.
Assessing Integration Methodology: A Handbook for Measuring and Assessing the Integration of Family Planning and Other Reproductive Health Services
This handbook offers methodological guidance on describing, measuring, or assessing the integration of FP with other facility-based health services, including those for HIV/AIDS.
Increasing Access to Contraception for Clients with HIV: A Toolkit
This toolkit provides in-depth training and performance support materials for trainers, providers, and program managers who want to provide FP services for their clients with HIV.
HIV and Family Planning Integration in Tanzania, Building on the PEPFAR Platform to Advance Global Health
The report describes how Tanzania was able to integrate family planning and HIV services to improve the lives of women, girls, and ultimately, their families and communities. The President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) as well as the United States Agency for International Development’s (USAID) Office of Population and Reproductive Health and other bilateral programs worked together to increase the access and availability of health services targeting women and adolescents. The authors note the successes and challenges of the program, and state that the approach could be replicated and scaled up in other countries.
Update to CDC’s U.S. Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use, 2010: Revised Recommendations for the Use of Hormonal Contraception Among Women at High Risk for HIV Infection or Infected with HIV
These revised recommendations by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) affirm previous guidance stating that there is no definitive link between hormonal contraceptives and an increased link of HIV infection among women, and that all women who use contraceptive methods other than condoms should be counseled on condom use and prevention of sexually transmitted infections. This report follows a thorough review by the CDC of recent studies examining this link. The CDC concludes, as does the World Health Organization, that women at risk for HIV infection or HIV-positive women can continue to use all hormonal contraceptive methods without restriction. This revision does include a clarification for women at high risk for HIV infection who use progestin-only injectables about the inconclusive nature of the evidence regarding the association between use of these injectables and HIV acquisition. It also stresses the importance of condom use and other HIV prevention measures, outlines the various contraceptive methods, and recommends the use of a contraceptive method mix.