Intervening Upstream: A Good Investment for HIV Prevention

By Lori Heise and Charlotte Watts

This paper examines some of the evidence linking structural factors to HIV risk; research gaps, including the pathways through which factors affect HIV vulnerability and interaction among factors; and explores the advantages of taking a “structurally informed” approach to HIV planning and implementation, namely the value of influencing clustered risk factors, the potential to influence multiple outcomes, and opportunities for co-financing.

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This paper is one of a series of five issue briefs on structural HIV prevention. To view the complete series, click here.